What is Blepharitis:

Blepharitis is a common condition of inflammation of the eyelids that is often associated with eyelid crusts and scales. This condition can lead to infection of the eyelids and associated glands (hordeolum) and irritation of the eye. Blepharitis can occur on the outside of the eyelid where your eyelashes are attached (anterior blepharitis) or behind the eyelashes on the eyelid margin within the Meibomian glands (posterior blepharitis). Many people have blepharitis in both locations at the same time and in varying degrees.

What Causes Blepharitis:

  • Overgrowth of bacteria at the eyelash base

  • Clogging of the Meibomian glands (eyelid oil glands)

  • Common skin conditions such as Acne rosacea and dandruff

  • Eyelash mites (tiny organisms in the eyelash follicles)

  • Allergic reactions to cosmetics or medications


Symptoms of Blepharitis:

  • Eye and eyelid irritation

  • Crusting of the eyelid/eyelashes

  • Itchiness of the eye

  • Tearing

  • Redness in the eyelid margins and in the eye

  • Burning sensation

  • Foreign body sensation (something in the eye)


Diagnosis of Blepharitis:

The diagnosis of blepharitis can be made through examination by your eye doctor. No special tests are needed.


Complications of Blepharitis:

Meibomian cysts (Chalazion), and Dry eye. Please visit these pages for more information.

Treatment of Blepharitis:

Treatment of blepharitis may be as simple as improving lid hygiene with the use of warm compresses.  Occasionally, more in-depth therapies are required such as antibiotics and a special lid clean system known as blephex or